HTX-202  (190-1120)              Operation             Faxback Doc. # 15720

SETTING SQUELCH AND VOLUME

Rotate VOLUME clockwise and SQUELCH counterclockwise until you hear a
hissing sound.  Then, slowly rotate SQUELCH clockwise until the noise
stops.  Leave VOLUME set to a comfortable level.

If the transceiver picks up unwanted weak transmissions, rotate SQUELCH
clockwise to decrease the transceiver's sensitivity to signals.

SELECTING A FREQUENCY

You can use any of three methods to select a frequency to communicate on.

    Direct entry

    Tune control

    Scanning for frequencies

TUNING USING DIRECT ENTRY

Your transceivers transmits and receives on frequencies between 144.000
and 148.000 MHz.  To quickly tune to a frequency, enter the frequency
using the keypad.

1.  Turn on the transceiver.

2.  Press VF.

3.  Use the keypad to enter the last four digits of the frequency.  For
    example, to enter 146.940, press 6940. 

NOTES:  If you make a mistake, press CLR and repeat this step.

        The transceiver rounds the last digit down to 0 or 5.

TUNING USING THE TUNE CONTROL

You can quickly tune to a nearby frequency by rotating TUNE on top of the
transceiver.

1.  Turn on the transceiver.

2.  Press VF.

3.  Rotate TUNE counterclockwise to tune down or clockwise to tune up.  The
    transceiver tunes up or down one frequency step per click, see "Setting
    the Frequency Rate." 

SCANNING FOR ACTIVE FREQUENCIES

You can scan for activity on a frequency by pressing and holding down /\SC
or \/SC for at least 1 second.  The transceiver begins to scan up or down
the full frequency range, and stops on active frequencies.  To scan only a
selected frequency range press F+/\SC or F+ \/SC. See "Setting the Scan
Options" to see how to change the scanning range, the frequency step, the
scan resume condition, and the scan delay time.  The following are the
factory presets for these options.

Frequency Step:              15kHz
Scan Resume Condition:       Resumes scanning in 10 seconds, regardless of
                             absence or presence of a carrier.
Scan Delay:                  Not activated.
Scan limits:                 144 MHz to 148 MHz

To stop scanning, press \/SC, /\SC, CA, PR, VF, or turn off the
transceiver.

SCANNING FOR A VACANT FREQUENCY

In some areas where the 2-meter band is being used heavily, you might have
trouble quickly finding a frequency not being used.  To quickly scan for a
vacant frequency, press F+V - SC.  The transceiver scans up or down from
the current frequency to the first unused frequency.  To change the vacant
scan direction, see "Setting the Vacant Scan Direction."

RECEIVING TRANSMISSIONS

To receive transmissions, turn on the transceiver, adjust the volume and
squelch, and tune to a frequency.

TRANSMITTING

There are two basic types of communication you can use with this
transceiver.  These types are sometimes referred to as SIMPLEX and DUPLEX. 
With simplex transmissions, you transmit and receive on the same frequency.
With duplex transmissions, you transmit on one frequency and receive on
another.  Duplex transmission is the communication type you use when you
communicate using a repeater.  You transmit to the repeater on one
frequency (the input frequency),  and the repeater retransmits the signal
at a different frequency (the output frequency).

CAUTION:  Do not transmit if you do not have a Technician Class or higher
          license issued by the FCC.  Doing so is illegal.

Follow these steps to communicate using simplex communications.

1.  Turn on the transceiver.

2.  Select the desired frequency.

3.  If + or - is on the display, repeatedly press F and + / - until neither
    symbol appears.

4.  Press LOW POWER so that the button is down.  In this position, your
    transceiver transmits at about 1 watt.

5.  Begin communications.

If the other party advises that you need to improve your signal (QRO),
press LOW POWER so that the button is up.  In this position, your
transceiver transmits at the highest power it can, depending on the power
source.  Remember to switch back to low power whenever possible, to comply
with the FCC rules that require you to use the minimum power necessary to
maintain communications.

Follow these steps to communicate using duplex communications.

1.  Turn on the transceiver.

2.  Tune to the desired receive (output) frequency.

3.  If the transmit (input) frequency is 600 kHz ABOVE the receive
    frequency, press F+ +/- so that the + appears in the display.  If the
    transmit frequency is 600 kHz BELOW the receive frequency, press F+ +/-
    so that - appears on the display.  If the frequency separation is not
    600 kHz, either set a new default frequency or store the frequency pair
    in one of the scanner's memories (See "Using Memory Channels" and
    "Setting the Duplex Separation").

LOCKING THE KEYPAD

To lock the transceiver's keypad so that you do not accidently change a
setting, press F+LOCK.  LOCK appears on the display.  This locks all front-
panel buttons and the tune control.  The PTT, VOLUME, and SQUELCH still
operate.  To release the lock, press F+LOCK again.

SETTING THE KEY ENTRY BEEP

Each time you press a key, the transceiver sounds a beep.  To turn off the
beep, press F+BEEP.  The key beep does not sound this and subsequent key
presses.  To turn on the key beep, press F+BEEP again.

REVERSING THE OFFSET

To reverse the transmit and receive frequencies when you are operating
duplex, press F+REV.  For example, if you are set to 146.94 with a - offset
pressing F+REV makes the transceiver receive on 146.14 and transmit on
146.94.

USING MEMORY CHANNELS

Your transceiver has 16 memory channels in three groups.

    One calling-frequency memory   

    Three priority-frequency memories

    12 standard memories

USING THE CALLING-FREQUENCY MEMORY

The calling-frequency memory provides a single memory that you can quickly
jump to at any time.  Follow these steps to save a frequency in the
calling-frequency memory.

1.  Press VF.

2.  Tune to the frequency you want to save.

3.  Press CA.

4.  If the frequency is for a repeater that requires subaudible tone access
    or if you want to use incoming subaudible tone squelch with frequency,
    press F+T-SQL so that T-SQL appears on the display.

    NOTE:  If you turn on T-SQL you must correctly set both the transmit
           subaudible tone as described in steps 8 through 11.

5.  Press and hold down F+M-WR for at least 1 second.

    The transceiver stores the tuned frequency in the calling-frequency
    memory, plus the frequency separation (for duplex operation) and
    subaudible transmit and receive tones.  For more information about
    subaudible tones, see "Using Subaudible Tone Squelch" (CTCSS)."

6.  If you want to set a different transmit frequency or change the
    subaudible tones, press F+M-SET.  The transceiver displays TF followed
    by the transmit frequency.

7.  Rotate TUNE to change the transmit frequency.

8.  To set a transmit subaudible tone frequency, press \/SC.  The
    transceiver displays TC followed by the transmit subaudible tone
    frequency.

9.  Rotate TUNE to change the transmit frequency.

    NOTE:  If you do not want to transmit subaudible tone, rotate TUNE to
           set the transmit subaudible tone to OFF.

10.  To set a receive subaudible tone frequency, press \/SC.  The
     transceiver displays RC followed by the receive subaudible tone
     frequency.

11.  Rotate TUNE to set the receive subaudible tone frequency.

     NOTE:  If you do not want to use incoming tone squelch, rotate TUNE
            to set the receive subaudible tone to OFF.  Otherwise, you do
            not hear transmissions unless the subaudible tone is present.

12.  Press the PTT to save the settings and return to the calling-
     frequency memory display. 

To use the calling frequency memory, press CA at any time.  The transceiver
immediately goes to the calling frequency and sets the transmit frequency,
subaudible tones, and tone squelch to the settings you programmed.  To
return to the previous settings, press CA again.

USING THE PRIORITY-FREQUENCY MEMORIES

The transceiver has three priority-frequency memories. The transceiver can
periodically scan these frequencies during manual, calling-frequency
memory, or standard memory operation.  Follow these steps to store a
frequency in the priority-frequency memories.

1.  Press press VF and tune to the frequency you want to save.

2.  Press F and rotate TUNE until either P1, P2, or P3 appears to the left
    of the tuned frequency.

3.  If the frequency is a repeater that requires subaudible tone access or
    if you want to use subaudible tone squelch with this frequency, press
    F+T-SQL so that T-SQL appears on the display.]

4.  Press F+M-WR for at least 1 second to store the tuned frequency in the
    selected priority-frequency memory.

5.  To change the frequency separation or subaudible tones, press PR and
    rotate TUNE to select the priority-frequency memory you want to change.
    Then, refer to steps 6 through 12 under "Using the Calling-Frequency
    Memory."  Each priority frequency can have different settings.

To set the transceiver to a priority frequency, press PR.  Then rotate
TUNE, press /\SC, \/SC, 1, 2, 3, to select one of the three memories.

To have the scanner check the priority-frequency memories for activity,
press VF.  Then, press F+P-SC for at least 1 second.  The transceiver
checks the priority-frequency memories every 4 seconds.  To change the
priority scan time, see "Setting the Priority Scan Time."

To continuously scan the three priority frequency memories, press PR. 
Then, press and hold down /\SC or \/SC at least 1 second,

NOTE:  You must store more than one priority frequency in memory to
       continuously scan priority-frequency memories.

USING THE STANDARD MEMORIES

Your transceiver has 12 standard memories into which you can store
frequently-accessed frequencies for quick access.  Follow these steps to
store a frequencies in standard memories.

1.  Press VF and tune to a frequency you want to store.

2.  Press F and rotate TUNE until the memory number to the left of the
    frequency display shows the standard memory you want to store into.

3.  Press F+M-WR for at least 1 second to store the tuned frequency into
    the selected standard memory.

4.  To change the frequency separation or subaudible tones, press MR and
    rotate TUNE to select the standard memory you want to change.  Then,
    refer to steps 6 through 12 under "Using the Calling-Frequency Memory."
    Each standard memory can have different settings.

To set the transceiver to a standard memory, press MR. Then, rotate TUNE or
press /\SC or \/SC to select one of the 12 memories.

To continuously scan standard memories, press MR.  Then, press and hold
down /\SC or \/SC for at least 1 second.

NOTE: The transceiver stops scanning according to the scan options you have
      set.  See "Setting the Scan Options" for more information.

CLEARING MEMORIES

Follow these steps to clear a memory.

1. Press PR or MR and select the memory you want to clear.

2. Press F+M-CLR to clear the settings stored in the current memory.

NOTE: You cannot clear Standard Memory 1 or the calling-frequency memory.
      You can only change the settings for these memories.

MOVING A MEMORY CHANNEL TO THE MANUAL MODE

Follow these steps to quickly move a memory channel to the manual (VF)
mode.

1.  Select the memory channel.

2.  Press F+M-VFO.

All settings for the selected memory move to the VF mode. 

REVIEWING PROGRAMMED OPTIONS

Follow these steps to view the transmit frequency and subaudible tone
settings for a memory or the tuned VF frequency.

1.  Press CA, PR, MR, or VF and select the memory or frequency you want to
    check.

2.  If you want to check the subaudible tone settings, press F+T-SQl so
    that T-SQL appears on the display.

3.  Press M (located above PTT).  The transceiver's squelch opens, and the
    display shows the transmit frequency for about 1 second, followed by
    the subaudible transmit tone and the subaudible receive tone.

UNDERSTANDING THE CONFIGURATION MENU

Your transceiver has a configuration menu that lets you modify operation
settings.  Each of the following sections explain how and when to use each
configuration menu and select options.

1.  Press VF.

2.  Press F+M-SET.  The first menu item appears.

3.  Press \/SC or /\SC to  step down or up through the menu items.  Rotate
    TUNE to change the menu settings for any menu item.

4.  Press PTT to exit the configuration menu and save all settings.

The configuration appears in the following order:

CODE   FACTORY DEFAULT  EXPLANATION

oS     0.600            Duplex separation (offset)
tc     oFF              Transmit subaudible tone
rc     oFF              Receive subaudible tone
Sr     15               Frequency step
Sc     ti               Scan resume
Sd     2.0              Scan delay time
S1     144.000          Lower scan range limit
S2     148.000          Upper scan range limit
ud     dn               Vacant channel scan direction
PS     1-16             Power save duty cycle
tE     oFF              Transmit inhibit
to     oFF              Transmit time-out
Lb     4                Priority-frequency channel lookback time
Ar     oFF              Touch-tone auto-reply

SETTING THE DUPLEX SEPARATION DEFAULT

The duplex separation default (offset) controls the offset between the
transmit frequency and the receive frequency when you use the transceiver
in duplex mode, as with a repeater.  Typically, on the 2-meter band,
repeaters receive at a frequency 600 kHz lower or higher than they
retransmit (repeat) on.  For example, if a repeater's input frequency is
146.340 MHz, its output frequency is 146.949 MHz.  The following is a list
of the most commonly used repeater pairs.

           INPUT FREQUENCY      OUTPUT FREQUENCY

            146.O7 MHz            146.67 MHz
            146.13 MHz            146.73 MHz
            146.16 MHz            146.76 MHz
            146.22 MHz            146.82 MHz
            146.25 MHz            146.85 MHz
            146.28 MHz            146.88 MHz
            146.31 MHz            146.91 MHz
            146.34 MHz            146.94 MHz
            146.37 MHz            146.97 MHz
            146.40 MHz            147.OO MHz

To operate with a repeater, you must transmit on the repeater's input
frequency and receive on the repeater's output frequency.  If you
frequently use a repeater that does not have a 600 kHz offset, we recommend
you program the repeater frequency into one of the transceiver's memories. 
You can override the default offset for each memory.

To change the default offset, follow the steps in "Understanding the
Configuration Menu." to display the oS menu item, and rotate TUNE to change
the offset.  The transceiver lets you set the offset to be in the range
from 0 MHz to 4 MHz in steps as set by the frequency step option.

USING SUBAUDIBLE TONE SQUELCH (CTCSS)

Some repeaters require that you transmit subaudible tone to key-up the
repeater.  You can set your transceiver to transmit any of the 38 standard
subaudible tones.  You can also limit incoming calls by setting your
transceiver to open the squelch only when someone transmits a subaudible
tone you set.

           ----------------       ----------------
           |  tc     oFF  |       |  rc      oFF  |
           ----------------       ----------------

To set a subaudible transmit tone, follow the steps in "Understanding
Configuration Menu" to display tc.  Then, rotate TUNE to select the
subaudible tone.  If you do not want to transmit a subaudible tone, rotate
TUNE to select OFF.

To set a subaudible receive tone, follow the steps in "Understanding the
Configuration Menu" to display rc. Then, rotate TUNE to select the
subaudible tone.  If you do not want to use the receive subaudible tone
squelch, but are using transmit subaudible tone to activate a repeater,
rotate  tune to select OFF.  Otherwise, you only hear transmissions that
have the correct subaudible tone when you activate tone squelch.

To turn on the subaudible tone feature, press F+T-SQL.  When you transmit,
the transceiver includes the subaudible tone in the signal.  To receive,
the incoming signal must have the correct subaudible tone.  You can
override the default subaudible tones for any memory.

Code  Freq.(Hz)     Code  Freq.(Hz)     Code  Freq.(Hz)
 XZ     67.0         2A    114.8         7Z    186.2 
 XA     71.9         2B    118.8         7A    192.8
 WA     74.4         3Z    123.0         M1    203.5
 XB     77.0         3A    127.3         M2    210.7
 WB     79.7         3B    131.8         M3    218.1
 YZ     82.5         4Z    136.5         M4    225.7
 YA     85.4         4A    141.3         M5    233.6
 YB     88.5         4B    146.2         M6    241.8
 ZZ     91.5         5Z    151.4         M7    250.3
 ZA     94.8         5A    156.7
 1Z    100.0         5B    162.2
 1A    103.5         6Z    167.9
 1B    107.2         6A    173.8
 2E    110.9         6B    179.9

SETTING SCAN OPTIONS

Several configuration menu items control how your transceiver operates
when you scan frequencies or memories.  The following sections describe how
to set the frequency step rate, the scan condition, the scan delay
duration, and the scan limits.

SETTING THE FREQUENCY STEP RATE

The frequency step rate affects the scanning mode, the TUNE control, and
/\SC or \/SC tuning.  The factory default for the frequency step is 15kHz. 
Each time you rotate TUNE one click or \/SC or /\SC the frequency
changes by 15 kHz.  When scanning, the transceiver scans up or down 15 kHz
step.  To change the frequency step rate, follow the steps in
"Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display the Sr menu item, and
rotate TUNE to change the frequency step rate.  You can set the step rate
to 5, 10, 15, 25, 50, or 100 kHz.

SETTING THE SCAN RESUME CONDITION

When you have set the transceiver to receive either standard memories or VF
mode, the transceiver stops whenever it encounters a signal strong enough
to break squelch.  At the factory setting, the transceiver resumes scanning
in 10 seconds, regardless of the of the presence of a continued signal. 
You can set the scan resume configuration item to one of the following.

ti   Resumes scanning in 10 seconds
cr   Resumes scanning after the carrier drops and the scan delays
     expires (See "Setting the Scan Delay.")
SE   Does not resume scanning

To change the resume condition, follow the steps in "Understanding the
Configuration Menu" to display Sc.  Then, rotate TUNE to select the resume
condition.

NOTE:  The resume option does not affect the priority scan.  Priority
       scan always resumes scanning after the carrier drops.

SETTING THE DELAY DURATION

When you set the scan resume condition to cr (carrier), the transceiver
resumes scanning after the carrier drops. The scan delay option lets you
set the transceiver to pause before resuming, so you can hear any reply. 
The factory default for this option is 2 seconds.

To change the scan delay duration, follow the steps in "Understanding the
Configuration Menu" to display Sd.  Then, rotate TUNE to select the scan
delay duration. You can set the delay to 0.5, 1, 2, or 4 seconds.

NOTE:  The scan delay option also affects priority scan.

SETTING THE SCAN LIMITS

When you press F+\/SC or F+/\SC the transceiver scans only those
frequencies within a range you set with scan limit options.  To set the
scan limits, follow the steps in "Understanding the Configuration Menu" to
display S1.  Use either TUNE or the key pad to enter one of the frequency
limits.  Then, press \/SC to display S2 and enter the other frequency
limit.  You can enter the higher frequency as either limit.

SETTING THE VACANT SCAN DELAY

The transceiver's factory default for vacant scan is to scan down until it
finds an unused frequency.  To change the vacant scan direction, follow the
steps in "Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display ud.  Then,
rotate TUNE to select either UP or DN.

USING THE POWER SAVE FEATURE

To set the transceiver to save power press F+SAVE so that SAVE appears on
the display.  In the power-save mode, the transceiver turns on the receiver
for about 32 milliseconds to check for any activity, and then turns off the
receiver for the time you set with the power-save configuration setting. 
The factory default for this setting is to use only 1/16 normal power.  To
change the power save setting, follow the steps in "Understanding the
Configuration Menu" to display PS.  Then, rotate TUNE to select the power
save setting.  You can set the power-save setting to 1-2, 1-4, 1-8, or 1-16
(1/2, 1/4, 1/8. or 1/16 normal power usage.

Press F+SAVE again to turn off power save.  Power save temporarily turns
off while scanning.

PREVENTING TRANSMISSIONS

To prevent any transmissions using the transceiver, turn on the transmit
inhibit function.  To turn on this function, follow the steps in
"Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display tE.  Then, rotate TUNE to
select ON.  To enable transmissions, set this option to OFF.

LIMITING TRANSMISSION DURATION

When you communicate on the 2-meter band, you should keep your transmission
as brief as possible.  Most repeaters have built-in timers that limit
single transmissions to 3 minutes or less.  You can set the transceiver to
stop transmitting and sound a beep if you exceed a set time limit with a
single transmission.  To set a transmit limit, follow the steps in
"Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display to.  Then, rotate TUNE to
select OFF 30, 60, or 120 seconds.

SETTING THE PRIORITY SCAN TIME

When you turn on PRIORITY scan, the transceiver checks the preprogrammed
priority-frequency memories periodically to see if there is any activity. 
As factory set, the transceiver checks the priority-frequency memories
every 4 seconds.  To change the PRIORITY scan time, follow the steps in
"Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display Lb.  Then, rotate TUNE to
select 4, 8, 12, or 16 seconds.

USING TOUCH-TONE FEATURES

Your transceiver has a built-in 16-key touch-tone encoder.  You can
manually send touch tones, or send tones from one of the five DTMF
memories.  You can also set your transceiver so that it is silent until it
receives a specific sequence of touch tones.

MANUALLY SENDING TOUCH TONES

Some repeaters require you to enter a touch-tone code to key-up the
repeater.  Also, some repeaters have autopatch devises that let you make
telephone calls through the repeater.  To manually send the required tones,
press and hold down PTT.  Then, enter the touch-tone digits.

NOTES:  You must press D twice to send the D digit.

        If the auto-reply feature is turned off, you can release PTT after
        you enter the first digit.  The transceiver continues to accept and
        transmit the touch-tone signals until you pause at least 1 second.

STORING A DTMF MEMORY SEQUENCE

You can store frequently-used touch-tone sequences in the transceiver's
five DTMF memories.  Each memory can hold up to 15 digits.  Follow these
steps to store touch-tone frequencies.

1.  Press and hold down F+DTMF for at least 1 second.  The display changes
    to show the first DTMF memory.

2.  Press D.  Then, press a digit from 1-5 to select one of the DTMF
    memories.

3.  Enter the touch-tone sequence.  If the sequence is less than 15 digits,
    press D, then press a digit from 1 to 5 to select a different DTMF
    memory or press PTT to exit the DTMF memory store mode.

NOTE:  To enter a D, press D twice.

TRANSMITTING A DTMF MEMORY SEQUENCE

To send a DTMF memory sequence, press and hold down PTT. Then, press D 
followed by the DTMF memory number you want to transmit (1-5).  The
transceiver transmit the tones.

The transceiver has two DTMF memory sequence transmit speeds.  To switch
between fast and slow, press and hold down PTT.  Then, press 0.

NOTE:  If the auto-reply feature is turned off, you can release PTT after
       you press D.  Enter the DTMF memory number within 1.5 seconds.

USING DTMF SEQUENCE FOR PAGING

The DTMF squelch feature lets you set your transceiver to release squelch
only if it receives a specific touch-tone sequence.  Follow these steps to
set the touch-tone sequence.

1.  Press F+D-SQL for at least 1 second.

    The transceiver displays the previous sequence or - if you have never
    programmed a sequence.

2.  Enter the sequence (up to five digits).

3.  Press PTT to save the sequence.

To turn on the DTMF squelch, press F+D-SQL for less than 1 second.  DTMF
appears on the display.

Your transceiver remains silent until it receives the correct touch-tone
sequence.  Then, it beeps and returns to normal operation.  To cancel DTMF
squelch, press F+D-SQL for less than 1 second so that the DTMF disappears
from the display.

AUTOMATICALLY SENDING A DTMF REPLY

You can set your transceiver to automatically transmit the touch-tone digit
(#) when you have enabled DTMF squelch and the transceiver receives the
correct touch-tone sequence.  To turn on the DTMF auto-reply, follow the
steps in "Understanding the Configuration Menu" to display Ar.  Then,
rotate TUNE to select on.

You should also set this option to on if you expect an auto reply from an
auto patch or another HTX-202 or other transceiver that has this feature.


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